private pilot ground school Articles | Index    

1989 - 1993 US Accidents
2010-03-18

1989 - 1993 US Accidents …Accident__________Deaths_
1. Highway Accidents.... 228,000
2. Murders.................... 120,000
3. Home Accidents ..........105,000
4. falls............................. 62,000
5. Job accidents.............. 47,000
6. Pedestrians Killed ........33,500
7. Poisonings ..................26,000
8. Drownings ..................23,000
9.Fires ............................21,000 (90% caused by cigarettes)
10. Ingesting Food? ..........15,000
11. Boating Accidents........ 4,600
12. Bicycle Accidents......... 4,000
13. Railroad crossing ..........3,000
14. Animal vehicles ...............400
15. Major Airline Accidents ...265
16. Commuter Line Accidents 132

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Minimum Controllable
No maneuvers below 1500 BR Stall horn whimpering at all times BR Power added as required to hold altitude in 10 degree maximum banks BR ...

The Student As A Problem
Of great concern to the responsible instructor is the prospective pilot who is heavily occupied with concerns unrelated to flying Many students who are...

Who's In Charge?
P Low time instructors have most of the #39;Who #39;s in Charge #39; kind of difficulty This is because they have not had the opportunity ...

Smoking
P The smoking of tobacco is a form of self imposed physical and psychological stress that constitutes an immediate and on going threat to health and safety ...

Equipment and Survival Gear
ELT battery life FAR requirements operation ...

Instructional sequence
P By the second flight the student should have previewed the aircraft manual The manual checklist material must be completely incorporated into that of the student ...

Power-off Stalls
No lower that 1500 #39; BR Stabilized approach landing configuration full flaps BR Stall induced in back side of the power curve and heading ...

The Takeoff
P The runup is completed and the trim is set for takeoff We have used our pre takeoff and takeoff checklist and have been cleared by the...

Parking and Tiedown
Use of checklist ...

Diversion to Alternate
Accurate immediate turn to estimated heading finds ground speed ETA fuel conditions flies U U 200 feet U ...

Thinking Through Patterns
P Depending on the student or airport weather conditions I will use paper diagrams and walk through the patterns on the ramp I will illustrate turns about...

Airline Pilots
The second most frequent cause of death among airline pilots prior to age 60 is a general aviation accident P ...

Preflight & Cockpit Management
Inspects using checklist BR Passenger briefing on belts and emergency procedures from checklist on how to: BR ul li Tighten belts BR ...

Post-start
Flap setting BR Trim setting BR Mixture leaning BR Radios BR ATIS BR Engine Instruments ...

Where's The Problem?
When an instructor becomes upset over a student #39;s performance the student could well consider that the problem lies with the instructor An...

Night Accidents
1 Night emergency landings are 1 5 times as likely to result in a fatality BR 2 7 of flying is...

Hundred Octane Aviation Fuel
Interestingly of all machines only airplanes have their own fuel BR BR In the late 1930s light weight and compact engines were being developed...

Courtesy
P Airport courtesy extends beyond the rules of right of way Don #39;t use strobe lights on the ground Give preference to aircraft which operate on...

Engine Failure Accidents
ul li 22 of all accidents BR li 4 only partial failure BR li...

Mountain Accidents
li 40 more than in flatlands BR li 155 higher at some airports ...

Knowing Know
He who knows not and knows not that he knows not is a fool shun him BR He who...

Selecting Your Instructor
P Your instructor is one essential leg to the flight training program An interview and perhaps demonstration flight can be very deceptive I do believe that...

Instruction
Initially the ground instruction begins with basic background and theory The flight lesson is predicated by the use of preflight and Postflight briefings...

Runup
P Use a run up checklist Always face the wind Engine cooling is the reason We are not teaching a flying career made only...

The Aircraft
Make model serial number and quot;N quot; number can identify an aircraft You should know the year the aircraft was built ...

Ground Review
All frequencies BR Sectional use BR FARs BR Aircraft manual one in aircraft required BR Aircraft papers logbooks ...

Soft-field Takeoff
P Introduction BR The situation is a takeoff area of unlimited length but having a soft surface the nature of which would prevent acceleration ...

Pilot/Owner Maintenance
P Keeping an aircraft clean greatly improves both its appearance and its performance When you clean an aircraft you learn a great deal about its construction and...

Scanning (instructor notes)
P I suggest a scan process of having the student follow my finger as I point successively from HI to AI VSI to AI Altimeter to ...

FAR 61.35(a)(f) and 61 105(a) Aeronautical knowledge
I certify that I have given name the ground instruction required by FAR 61 105 a 1 through 6 The new version lists thirteen...

Eights
P Eights combine the skills acquired from doing left and right turns about a point and S turns First find a with one leg giving ...

Abnormal Situation Training
B We do not want a first spin to be of the accidental kind We do not want a first encounter with adverse weather...

Pre-start/Start Checklist
P Once in the aircraft we begin the pre start tape recording Seats doors window open belts FAR 91 107 requires the pilot ...

Fear of Flying
An Opinion on Fear B BR I have concerns with fear as it relates to flying I realize fear of...

Sequence of Decision for Airworthiness
Is it required by FAR 91 2095 or 91 213 d 2 ii BR I If not I Is it required...

Shirt Tails
There has been a long tradition in aviation related to cutting off the shirt tails of newly soloed student pilots One story has it that the practice ...

Restricted Areas
P You should determine if area is quot;hot quot; or in use Hazardous area usually due to military firing bombs explosive missile activity...

Introduction to The Radio
P I introduce the ATIS frequency 124 7 the alphabetical sequencing order of information during the day and how to use this information ...

Side Notes
1 The Law of Firsts Haviland #39;s quot;The first time you do you shouldn #39;t have The first time you don #39;t...

Performance Sheet ASEL
Compute weight and balance with gross takeoff weight___________ Center of gravity location ________ BR Gross landing weight __________ Center of gravity location _________ BR Shift weight...

Universal Aspects
Soundness of judgment BR Division of attention BR Airspeed and altitude limits BR Safety awareness BR Smooth and accurate aircraft control BR ...

Operating Without a MEL (Minimum Equipment List)
P B Minimum Equipment List B P P Most older aircraft have been certified without a MEL but everything operational...

Fatigue and Flying
P Acute fatigue occurs when a long period passes with a lack of sleep Chronic fatigue occurs when several acute fatigue periods occur without adequate recovery time...

Parking
P The number one region of aircraft accidents is getting into a parking space Some pilots seem to think it necessary to make a little jog toward...

Power-on Stalls
No lower that 1500 #39; BR Takeoff configuration BR Induce stall with heading maintained U U 10 degrees when inducing stall with...

The Unteachable Student
I have found that my methods and I am incompatible with about 5 of my students This was true when I was teaching...

Runway Incursions
P An incursion is when anything on the ground creates a collision hazard with an active runway area Human error is the primary cause These are...

Downwind Takeoff
P demonstration BR At controlled airports the non assertive pilot just goes where he is told to go There are occasions where for convenience...

Accident Precipitating Causes 1991
ul li Inadequate preflight and or planning BR li 1 4 of all accidents are caused by inadequate preflight BR ...

Not Making Progress?
P I doubt that there is a pilot flying who has not at one time or another felt the twinge of doubt that his learning curve is not...

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