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1997 Nall Report
2010-03-18

1997 Nall Report
  • An accident as a judgment failure.
  • Pilots only spot one third of ATC traffic reported as significant.
  • 85% of scud running accidents result in fatalities
  • Personal flying is 42% of all flying and 67% of the accidents
  • Flight instruction is 20% of the flying and only 6% of the accidents.
  • Pilots over 60 are more likely to die.
  • Not having a current flight reviews have twice the accident risk as those who have taken a flight review.
  • 50% of airline accidents are survivable. 40% of airline fatalities are due to smoke and fire. Interior cabin materials are at fault and are being changed.

    There are 60,000 CFIs
    70 hour averge to private ticket.
    50% of airspace vilations aoccur during VFR flight
    1980 U.S. had 300,000 airplanes
    2000 U.S. has fewer than 190,000 airplanes

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    Ground Radio to Taxi
    P Never transmit on the radio without practicing what to say while holding the microphone to your lips It does no good to practice without the microphone...

    Radio Communications at an Uncontrolled Airport
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    Short Field Takeoffs
    Rotate at Vx or as recommended BR Climb at Vx 10 or 5 knots to 50 BR Above 50 climb at Vy 10...

    Thinking Through Patterns
    P Depending on the student or airport weather conditions I will use paper diagrams and walk through the patterns on the ramp I will illustrate turns about...

    A Training Program
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    Names And What
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    1999 Was A Very Good Year
    1908 general aviation accidents BR 342 were fatal accidents BR 7 05 accidents per 100 000 hours of flying BR ...

    Subtle Fatigue
    P This problem often begins with a distraction that causes fixation on an instrument or occurrence Complex flight operations are the first skills to deteriorate ...

    Course Reversal
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    About Questions
    P A friend was hauling a body from a remote location in Canada Only a caretaker was around the strip After considering the trees that lined...

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    Teaching Memory
    The way an instructor presents material has a great influence on student retention of what is being taught Trauma is proven to be the...

    Fear of Flying
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    Flying With Your Senses
    One of the reasons I teach flying with a very limited selection of power settings airspeed configurations and attitudes is because I...

    Instructional Constants
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    Viva la Difference
    Where male and female students are similar: BR Individual differences of greater importance BR Learning differences more related...

    Rectangular Patterns
    P Under calm conditions almost any rectangle can be used If there is a wind the longest leg of the rectangles should be planned to be...

    Private Pilot Currency
    3 landings in last 90 days before carrying passengers BR 3 full stop landing for night currency ...

    Hood Lessons
    P Since hood work is emotionally and mentally tiring it is best to limit each session Gradually extend the hood time until reaching 20 minute sessions ...

    Holding Headings
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    Procedures and Techniques
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    1989 - 1993 US Accidents
    #133;Accident__________Deaths_ BR 1 Highway Accidents 228 000 BR 2 Murders ...

    1998 Nall Report
    li B VFR flight into IFR conditions is the leading source of fatalities Judgment failures are the cause BR ...

    As a Licensed Pilot
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    Where Accidents Happen
    ul li Only 8 of midairs are from head on 42 are between airplanes flying in the same direction ...

    Descending Mechanical Failure Frequency
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    Dehydration
    P Human need for 2 4 quarts of water a day You become thirsty with a deficit of 1 5 quarts of body fluids or 2 of...

    Prevention of taxiing problems
    P Communicate BR Use airport diagram BR Get ATC help early BR When in doubt ...

    Service Difficulty Reports (SDRs)
    P B SDRs B are a mechanics #146; report on maintenance problems These are collected by the FAA and aircraft manufacturer and passed on...

    Bits and Pieces
    ul li Tolerance to lack of oxygen decreases proportionately with age BR li Patience...

    Society of Automotive Engineers
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    Training Attitudes
    A casual approach to flying can be hazardous Flying requires considerable planning and rethinking of the options as the flight progresses The midset...

    Important Side Notes
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    Flight Review
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    Uncontrolled Airport Radio
    P Start listening well away from the airport Overfly above pattern altitude if you are uncertain of pattern or procedures Adhere to AIM recommended procedures ...

    Changing You
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    Runup
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    VFR to IFR Options
    P What to do If you #39;re on top do the four C #39;s Climb communicate confess comply If fuel and weather...

    Medicine
    P Any over the counter medication whose name ends in quot;ine quot; should be checked in a flight medical examiner for use before flying Beware of...

    First Flight Preparations
    P 1 Schedule aircraft instructor BR 2 Aircraft keys BR 3 Read Owner #39;s Manual BR 4 ...

    Who is in charge?
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    Takeoffs
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    Visualizing Your Training
    P A student pilot or any other pilot for that matter can practice flying even while not in a plane A situation can be visualized ...

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    On Checklists
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    Most dangerous thing in aviation:
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    Illusions - Vertigo Simulation
    P B Materials: B BR 1 An open lawn space at least 15 #39; by 15 #39; BR 2 A...

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