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Additional Endorsements
2010-03-18

Additional Endorsements High performance aircraft (over 200 hp)
Complex aircraft (Gear and flaps)
Tail wheel
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Military Training Routes (MTR)
P If you find that your flight will intersect an MTR route be sure to have P P the FSS run a...

Preparation
The success of the instructional program is directly related to the willingness of the student to study and prepare It takes a minimum of two hours of study for every...

Flight Instruction/Proficiency Requirement
FAR 61 107 a flight proficiency BR I certify that I have given name the flight instruction required by FAR 61 107 a 1...

Controlled Airport Radio
P B There are several essentials to good radio work B P P B The first essential is: ...

The Second Solo
P The first solo is deceptive in that it overcomes much of the tension related to quot;can I do it quot; The next few lessons ...

Tie Down
P Given a choice of where to tie down always face into the wind A crosswind tie down means that the aircraft will be trying to ...

The Cockpit
P Using the tape recorder I go over all the instruments and controls I pay particular attention to the markings and divisions on the dials their...

Ground Review
All frequencies BR Sectional use BR FARs BR Aircraft manual one in aircraft required BR Aircraft papers logbooks ...

The Johnson Bar
One unlikely aircraft feature was derived from the steam engine The Johnson bar was used to control the amount of steam and hence the...

1998 Nall Report
li B VFR flight into IFR conditions is the leading source of fatalities Judgment failures are the cause BR ...

Landings on Final
Over the fence Vref U U 5 knots or 1 2 Vso No exact POH figures BR B Soft field Approach...

Fear of Flying
An Opinion on Fear B BR I have concerns with fear as it relates to flying I realize fear of...

Sequence of Decision for Airworthiness
Is it required by FAR 91 2095 or 91 213 d 2 ii BR I If not I Is it required...

Special Use Airspace (SUA)
P Not on charts but often mentioned by VOR Tower broadcasts Locally by Livermore ATIS to warn of National Guard firing range near Danville San Ramon border...

The Competence of Incompetence
With the advent of a new study as to what constitutes competence there is a new fear by the self assured that they may be among ...

Minimum Controllable
No maneuvers below 1500 BR Stall horn whimpering at all times BR Power added as required to hold altitude in 10 degree maximum banks BR ...

A Need to communicate
P What is the only question an instructor can never answer It is the unasked question Many concerns are unspoken The unspoken fear of every...

Pilot Error 50 Years Ago
P In December of 1947 an Air Force study released the following analysis of pilot errors that precipitate accidents There is no reason to think things have...

Spins Were A One Time Thing In 1914
An unheralded aviation pioneer is British scientist F A Lindemann quot;The Prof quot; as he was known led a very ...

Uncontrolled Airport Radio
P Start listening well away from the airport Overfly above pattern altitude if you are uncertain of pattern or procedures Adhere to AIM recommended procedures ...

Coffee
P Half of the American population is addicted to coffee 25 drink ten or more cups a day Quitting coffee is both difficult and painful...

Ground Procedures - Taxiing Renewal
P By the time we solo we should be using power and brakes with great restraint Minimum power required to move at a good pace and smooth...

Procedures and Techniques
Every phase of flying requires a series of procedures from pre flight to shut down With every procedure for what needs to be done...

Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR)
P Broadcast by ATC to warn air traffic to remain clear of areas such as open air affairs forest fires space launches crime scenes ...

Runup
P Use a run up checklist Always face the wind Engine cooling is the reason We are not teaching a flying career made only...

Instruction
Initially the ground instruction begins with basic background and theory The flight lesson is predicated by the use of preflight and Postflight briefings...

Factors in Successful Learning
P B 1 Time of year B BR Summer flying gives longer days but does not provide the most desirable range of experience...

Good Instruction
Communication BR Knowledge and ability to explain BR Ability to demonstrate BR Patience BR Motivation...

Trim History
The trim tab or servo trim was invented by Anton Flettner a German aeronautical engineer He started work in 1905 for the Zeppelin Company Died in...

Nice To Know Information
ul li Multiply horsepower by 09 to give gallons per hour consumption with safety factor BR li Most aircraft...

Mountain Accidents
li 40 more than in flatlands BR li 155 higher at some airports ...

Side Notes
1 The Law of Firsts Haviland #39;s quot;The first time you do you shouldn #39;t have The first time you don #39;t...

Wind and Groundspeed
P Turning as low levels from a crosswind path to a downwind path can be hazardous It leads to the terrible downwind turn stall accident When...

One CFI + One CFI = Problems
One several occasions I have flown with both experienced and inexperienced CFI for a number of reasons In practically every instance peculiar things have...

Age as a Factor In Flying
P The average General Aviation pilot was 39 years of age in 1990 Pilots over 60 have 2 1 times more accidents than pilots in their 50...

Coffee
Coffee causes dehydration 15 dehydration causes 40 decrease in flying coordination Water by volume X 1 5 is needed to replace ...

The Joys of Flying
Getting through your checkride successfully gives rise to a sense of elation and achievement that can only be described in superlatives Just how it...

A History of Measurement
Under the Roman Empire Rome became the center of the western world All roads led to Rome and all distances were measured from Rome The distances...

FAR 61.39(a)(5) Completion of Prerequisites for PT
I have given name flight instruction in preparation for a type test within the preceding 60 days and find him competent to pass the test and...

About Accidents
Use of shoulder harnesses in all seats will reduce major injuries by 88 and fatalities by 20 Retro fit harness kits are...

Your CFI As A Hazard
li 75 of flight training accidents related to improper gear operation occurs with CFI aboard BR li 50...

Instructional sequence
P By the second flight the student should have previewed the aircraft manual The manual checklist material must be completely incorporated into that of the student ...

Phonetic Alphabet and Time Zones
In 1914 the U S Army adopted a phonetic alphabet but Spanish pronunciations created problem In 1927 a worldwide agreement of words and spelling...

Not Making Progress?
P I doubt that there is a pilot flying who has not at one time or another felt the twinge of doubt that his learning curve is not...

A History of Running Lights
I have developed a possible sequence for the development of red and green running lights on ships and aircraft I would like to make the following case ...

Steep Turns
Va or POH entry speed into 360 turn with bank of 10 5 degrees of 45 U U 100 feet ...

Operating Without a MEL (Minimum Equipment List)
P B Minimum Equipment List B P P Most older aircraft have been certified without a MEL but everything operational...

Emergency Procedures
Use of checklist BR Emergency descent BR Situations where required BR Advantage of using flaps BR Speeds within 5 knots BR ...

Hundred Octane Aviation Fuel
Interestingly of all machines only airplanes have their own fuel BR BR In the late 1930s light weight and compact engines were being developed...

Bits and Pieces
ul li Tolerance to lack of oxygen decreases proportionately with age BR li Patience is one...

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