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Areas of Required Knowledge
2010-03-18

Areas of Required Knowledge (Required logbook endorsements with date and time)

Preflight
Flight Procedures
Aircraft Performance
Radio Navigation
Pilotage
Flight Planning
Regulations
ATC Procedures
Airport Operations
Communications
Physiology of Flying
Aircraft Systems
Services Available
Airspace
Charts
Meteorology
Comment

 
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Smoothness
Piloting skill is usually poorly defined unless the smoothness factor is included It is only by the smallest increments of control pressures that a skilled...

Alcohol
1 In accidents from #39;78 to #39;87 6 of G A pilots had blood alcohol level of at least 04 by weight...

The Development of Aviation
Progress in aviation has been a dynamic proof of the Chaos theory Government in all its forms as perceived by the individual as a...

It's About Judgement
P In flying there are as many ways to gain skill and experience as there are pilots Time alone is a very poor criteria Once pilot...

Crash Survival
#1 survival item is to let a responsible person know where you are going your route and ETA Insurance is to make contact after arrival ...

Areas of Required KnowledgeSteep Turns
Va or POH entry speed into 360 turn with bank of 10 5 degrees of 45 U U 100 feet ...

Spins Were A One Time Thing In 1914
An unheralded aviation pioneer is British scientist F A Lindemann quot;The Prof quot; as he was known led a very ...

Where Accidents Happen
ul li Only 8 of midairs are from head on 42 are between airplanes flying in the same direction ...

Turns About a Point
P Some students do better if the point is selected at the intersection of to right angle roads This instead of a lone tree helps maintain ...

Communication, ATC & Radar
Acknowledgment and compliance BR Uses appropriate ATC procedures BR Emergency and NORDO procedure BR Practice and performance BR Maintains U ...

The E-6B
The E 6B was more created than invented by Phillip Dalton in the early 1930s It was initially called quot;The Dalton Dead reckoning...

Radio Communications at an Uncontrolled Airport
Start listening well away from the airport Overfly above pattern altitude if you are uncertain of pattern or procedures Adhere to AIM recommended procedures Doing otherwise...

Names And What
Bell decibel BR Morse code BR Doppler frequency change BR Mach speed of sound BR ...

Major CFI Applicant Problem Areas
P middot; Not fitting lesson to student level BR middot; Too much talking without check on comprehension BR middot; Avoiding unknown an...

Soft-field Takeoff
P Introduction BR The situation is a takeoff area of unlimited length but having a soft surface the nature of which would prevent acceleration ...

Power-off Stalls
No lower that 1500 #39; BR Stabilized approach landing configuration full flaps BR Stall induced in back side of the power curve and heading ...

Introduction to Illusions
P What ever the illusion it will take a few moments for you to get reoriented If the illusion occurs in trimmed flight the problem is...

Aircraft Logbooks
Maintenance records of aircraft and engine must be available to the examiner FAR 91 3 The pilot must be able to explain and interpret all of the maintenance records ...

General Aviation Accidents
1 51 of pilots were between 40 49 BR 2 71 were private pilots BR 3 52 had...

Anticipation
The ability to anticipate changes in control pressures required for a particular maneuver must be developed Failure to anticipate rudder movement required to move...

Measures
As pilots we are generally unaware and or uneducated as to the debt that aviation owes to those scientists and mathematicians who preceded the Wright brothers...

Judgment of Limitations
P The ability of a student to plan a safe flight or flying activity is determined by his judgment of his limitations It is important that the...

Private Pilot Endorsements
An instructorÝs endorsement indicates that he feels you have been instructed in and are competent to perform a given maneuver At that time Your logbook is a legal document...

More on Mid-Airs
ul li Over half of the people involved in midair accidents were survivors BR li The probability of a...

The Unteachable Student
I have found that my methods and I am incompatible with about 5 of my students This was true when I was teaching...

Effective Criticism Requirements
1 Student instructor awareness of what is being done wrong P P 2 Instructor analysis of why P ...

Unusual Attitudes
P During the proficiency phase of hood work #39;unusual attitudes #39; should be practiced This means that you will put on the hood close his...

Why Accidents Happen
ul li 75 of accidents involve poor pilot judgment with reference to his ability knowledge or capability BR...

The Compass
The ancients recognized the pole star as being a constant reference for determining direction The Norsemen in the 11th century used a needle of...

When A Pilot Dies
Two of my pilots have died in airplane crashes One I had advised to quit and I thought that he had Three years later ...

Opinion
Where am I Where am I diverting to what direction is it Turn the airplane that direction How far away is it do I have enough...

Private Pilot Legality
License in possession BR Current medical BR Flight review or additional rating ...

Course Reversal
P The course reversal is a new addition to the Private Pilot Practical Test standards After the completion of a ground reference pattern in one direction it...

Airport
Markings symbols colors local rules BR Diagram ...

Reaction and Anticipation
In searching for an appropriate place for this material I was surprised at how often the terms appeared the variety of context and...

Wire Strikes
li 1 accident in 20 is a wire strike BR li A wire strike will occur below 200 #39; AGL in VFR BR...

Engine Logs
P B Overhaul B P P Does not change prior history Time is added as quot;since overhaul quot;...

Teaching Airplane English
I am in the process of #39;re treading #39; two pilots who have radio problems They are both experienced complex high performance ...

Operation of Airplane Systems
P I FONT SIZE quot; 1 quot; REFERENCES: C 61 21 AC61 23 FONT Airplane Handbook and Flight Manual I ...

Take Practical Test
FAR 61 105 and 61 125 BR Private or commercial pilot must receive and have logged ground as well as flight training from authorized instructor or a home study...

521 Maintenance
During WWII one of the very first airborne radar sets from England was code named the 521 Aircraft using this set were equipped with...

Windsock
The word sock is from the colloquial French meaning close in or conceal When an airport was `socked in #39; the windsock was taken...

Tight Grip VS Light Touch
P The left hand has only two useable digits while flying The forefinger is behind the yoke for back pressure and the thumb is for forward pressure...

Your CFI As A Hazard
li 75 of flight training accidents related to improper gear operation occurs with CFI aboard BR li 50...

Run-up
Control check BR Engine check BR Instrument settings BR Uses checklist BR Airspeed distances review BR Emergency and departure review...

Fuel Accidents
ul li The number one cause of engine failure is lack of fuel BR li 10 of General Aviation accidents are caused...

General Aviation Statistics
Only three out of every 1000 people in the US are pilots BR Out of 67 000 licensed instructors in the U s ...

IFR Flying Faults
P Initially VFR to IFR flight results in over controlling especially when making corrections Non instrument rated pilots who fly into instrument weather lose control in...

FAR 91 aircraft equipment required Day
VFR minimum equipment: airspeed altimeter compass tachometer fuel gauge oil temperature oil pressure gear indicator and manifold...

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