private pilot ground school Articles | Index    

Tie Down
2010-03-18

Tie Down

Given a choice of where to tie down, always face into the wind. A crosswind tie down means that the aircraft will be trying to weather vane into the wind thus creating side loads on the landing gear. The rudder is the most easily damaged control surface. Cessna rudders will flop and bang in the wind unless exterior gust locks are applied.

Since hydraulic systems can be influenced and damaged by external heat it is not a good idea to park with the parking brake locked on. Freezing weather may freeze the brake pads to the brake disk, too.

If the ropes or chains are supplied at fixed anchor points it is best to have about 45 degree angles to the aircraft tiedown ring. If the ropes or chains slide on a cable they should be vertical to the aircraft. A tight rope is standard but it will lift the cable and poise a hazard to foot traffic. Chains usually have two hooks. The end hook goes into the aircraft tiedown eye and the other hook is used to shorten the chain. Ropes require that you become familiar with tying a bowline or half hitch.

Comment

 
 External Links
 Recent articles
Names And What
Bell decibel BR Morse code BR Doppler frequency change BR Mach speed of sound BR ...

Rectangular Patterns
P Under calm conditions almost any rectangle can be used If there is a wind the longest leg of the rectangles should be planned to be...

General Aviation Statistics
Only three out of every 1000 people in the US are pilots BR Out of 67 000 licensed instructors in the U s ...

Phillips Head Screws
John Henry Phillips of Mass patented his double slotted screw in 1932 The very similar Reed Prince screw is not approved for ...

Emergency Procedures
Use of checklist BR Emergency descent BR Situations where required BR Advantage of using flaps BR Speeds within 5 knots BR ...

Operating Without a MEL (Minimum Equipment List)
P B Minimum Equipment List B P P Most older aircraft have been certified without a MEL but everything operational...

River Flying with Steep Turns
P On some subsequent lesson it is well to select an upwind track along a very S shaped course By flying upwind the relative ground speed...

As a Licensed Pilot
Cross country time requires a landing destination and use of a navigational method No distance is required except for more than 50 NM straight line when required for getting a...

Who's In Charge?
P Low time instructors have most of the #39;Who #39;s in Charge #39; kind of difficulty This is because they have not had the opportunity ...

Night Illusions
Runway and approach light illusions will always be a problem if you are in an unfamiliar area For this reason it is always desirable to make a daylight...

Pre-start/Start Checklist
P Once in the aircraft we begin the pre start tape recording Seats doors window open belts FAR 91 107 requires the pilot ...

Stalls
P When we do stalls we are seeking recognition and prompt proper recovery You the student are being taught awareness How you become...

Military Instruction
Instruction that uses the stair step approach is predicated on the absence of surprises A military preflight can take hours In my own...

More on Mid-Airs
ul li Over half of the people involved in midair accidents were survivors BR li The probability of a...

Subtle Fatigue
P This problem often begins with a distraction that causes fixation on an instrument or occurrence Complex flight operations are the first skills to deteriorate ...

Wire Strikes
li 1 accident in 20 is a wire strike BR li A wire strike will occur below 200 #39; AGL in VFR BR...

Pilotage and Dead Reckoning
Course within 3 nautical miles BR Altitude U U 200 BR Arrival within 5 minutes BR Heading within 15 degrees...

Keys For Successful Learning
P B 1 Time of year B BR Summer flying gives longer days but does not provide the most desirable range of experience...

Courtesy
P Airport courtesy extends beyond the rules of right of way Don #39;t use strobe lights on the ground Give preference to aircraft which operate on...

Trim Use
P Correct use of the trim requires that control pressures be applied to hold the desired flight attitude Then the trim is adjusted to relieve present control...

Buying the Farm
In the `20s #39; barnstormers would travel the countryside to small cities and set up an quot;airplane ride quot; concession from some farmer #39;s field The pilot...

How We Got Pattern A and Pattern B
These patterns have been for many years a part of the Instrument Flying Handbook as among the first lessons in acquiring the aircraft control required for instrument flying ...

Operation of Airplane Systems
P I FONT SIZE quot; 1 quot; REFERENCES: C 61 21 AC61 23 FONT Airplane Handbook and Flight Manual I ...

Would You Believe That You Can...
ul li Be a non instrument rated pilot and fly in VFR condition of top of overcast at night in a VFR only...

Post-start
Flap setting BR Trim setting BR Mixture leaning BR Radios BR ATIS BR Engine Instruments ...

Lost Procedures
Maintains original heading BR Identifies available landmarks BR Uses Navaids and contacts ATC for assistance BR Considers precautionary landing as an option ...

Trim Tab Inventor
Also known at the servo trim was invented by Anton Flettner a German aeronautical engineer He worked for the Zeppelin Company in Germany...

Most dangerous thing in aviation:
P B quot; B A pilot with a tool box quot; or quot;A politician with a good idea quot; P ...

Communication, ATC & Radar
Acknowledgment and compliance BR Uses appropriate ATC procedures BR Emergency and NORDO procedure BR Practice and performance BR Maintains U ...

CFI Hours
I took my intro flight a few days ago and when I asked my prospective CFI how many hours he had he said over 600 hrs...

Learning To Fly Young
You really don t need to go to a flying school to learn to fly The schools tend to be quite expensive I hope you live...

It's About Time
A sailing ship #39;s speed over a nautical a mile was historically measured by means of a knotted knots rope tied to a log...

VFR to IFR Options
P What to do If you #39;re on top do the four C #39;s Climb communicate confess comply If fuel and weather...

Instructional Safety
When teaching the safest possible flight operations you can show a student how poor decisions doing the same maneuvers could be proportionately more dangerous ...

Statistics on Fuel/electric related accidents
ol P li Experience level of the pilot does not seem to matter in fuel related accidents BR li 86...

Crosswind Landings
P I References: AC 61 21 Airplane Handbook and Flight Manual I P P Recommended speeds or 1 3 Vso...

1999 Was A Very Good Year
1908 general aviation accidents BR 342 were fatal accidents BR 7 05 accidents per 100 000 hours of flying BR ...

Vertigo
P Unrecognized spatial disorientation is caused by some combination of channeled attention distraction and target fixation These most often occur in conjunction with loss of situational...

What My Instruction Is Not
B Flying is not the same as it was in WWI or WWII What worked then is unsafe now Accountability of the...

A Training Program
P I make a practice of having prospective students come to my home office for a couple of hours to discuss flying I request that...

It's About Judgement
P In flying there are as many ways to gain skill and experience as there are pilots Time alone is a very poor criteria Once pilot...

Unusual Attitude Recoveries
Nose up Recover with pitch down add power level wings BR Nose down Recover with reduced power level wings pitch to level ...

Judgment of Limitations
P The ability of a student to plan a safe flight or flying activity is determined by his judgment of his limitations It is important that the...

Factors in Successful Learning
P B 1 Time of year B BR Summer flying gives longer days but does not provide the most desirable range of experience...

Cross-Country Planning
I REFERENCES: AC 61 21 AC 61 23 AC 61 84 Charts A FD AIM I BR ...

Instructional Frustration
I must admit I am somewhat discourged with primary flight instruction Students that don #39;t prepare for the lesson don #39;t do their homework ...

My Kind of Student
P I want a student who responds enjoys and pays attention I enjoy sharing my love of flying with someone I often share too...

Phonetic Alphabet and Time Zones
In 1914 the U S Army adopted a phonetic alphabet but Spanish pronunciations created problem In 1927 a worldwide agreement of words and spelling...

Procedures and Techniques
Every phase of flying requires a series of procedures from pre flight to shut down With every procedure for what needs to be done...

Non-IFR Pilot
ul li 1 accident in 12 186 hours in IFR conditions BR li 1 accident in 94 819 hours...

 Related Links
 
©2010 4VFR.COM, All Rights Reserved Powered by 4vfr.com