private pilot ground school Articles | Index    

Uncontrolled Airport Radio
2010-03-18

Uncontrolled Airport Radio

Start listening well away from the airport. Overfly above pattern altitude if you are uncertain of pattern or procedures. Adhere to AIM recommended procedures. Doing otherwise can lead to enforcement proceedings if something happens. IFR inbounds can be expected not to follow standard procedures.

Report all legs of pattern entry and the pattern itself. Include your altitude and direction where practical. Acknowledge whether you have any reported or unreported traffic in sight, or not in sight. Advise when you have cleared the runway after landing. Make a full 360 prior to taking the active on departure. Adhere to airport abatement procedures and advise traffic of your departure intentions.

Uncontrolled airports may be either UNICOM, in which case the frequency is on the sectional, or not, where the frequency is automatically 122.9. There is no FAR requirement to use the radio at uncontrolled airports but common sense dictates that the radio be used. These are pilot controlled airports which should be addressed from at least 10 miles out. "Rio Vista UNICOM Cessna 1234X Antioch bridge at 2000 request landing advisory Rio Vista", all subsequent calls are addressed to traffic giving airport name as first and last items. Be accurate in giving all pattern positions and altitudes.

Uncontrolled airports put the burden of traffic control and communications on the pilots. The see and be seen concept is the primary collision avoidance system. The more frequently and accurately you give your location, position, and altitude the safer your operation. At pilot controlled airports it is important to give traffic, and procedure advisories to other pilots. This is especially true if non-standard procedures prevail. Initial contact either with UNICOM or traffic should be at least 10 miles out. If unable to determine recommended 45 degree to downwind entry overfly at twice pattern altitude to determine favored runway. Report on 45, downwind, base final, and clear of runway. If the uncontrolled airport has no assigned altitude use 1000' AGL. Be aware that non-radio cropdusters or ultralights may be using the field.

Besides the problems of orientation and communication at an airport there exists aircraft positioning. Common faults during arrivals at airports consist of not arriving on downwind at pattern altitude, failing to be properly trimmed, failing to initiate downwind turn far enough away from airport, failing to make downwind turn parallel to runway, and failing to correct for wind on downwind. Not infrequently, all of the above will occur with one arrival for the wrong runway or even the wrong airport.

Once in the pattern it is vital that the pilot recognize the priorities of flying. Fly the plane first, navigate, communicate. Get airspeed under control, fly the proper altitudes and patterns, space yourself for traffic, communicate only if the first two elements are correct. Your ability to divide attention in and out of the cockpit is one of the test criteria. Altitude on downwind should be held within 100 feet and approach speeds within 10 knots. These are maximum allowable variations. 20 feet and 4 knots are instructional maximums for recommendation to take the test.

Comment

 
 External Links
 Recent articles
The Risks of Flying
Most flying decisions are easy if the decision is based upon safety Being safe does not mean without risk Engine operations are safe but some 8 percent...

Military Instruction
Instruction that uses the stair step approach is predicated on the absence of surprises A military preflight can take hours In my own...

Most dangerous thing in aviation:
P B quot; B A pilot with a tool box quot; or quot;A politician with a good idea quot; P ...

Knowing Know
He who knows not and knows not that he knows not is a fool shun him BR He who...

Operating Without a MEL (Minimum Equipment List)
P B Minimum Equipment List B P P Most older aircraft have been certified without a MEL but everything operational...

Windsock
The word sock is from the colloquial French meaning close in or conceal When an airport was `socked in #39; the windsock was taken...

Unusual Attitude Recoveries
Nose up Recover with pitch down add power level wings BR Nose down Recover with reduced power level wings pitch to level ...

Coffee
Coffee causes dehydration 15 dehydration causes 40 decrease in flying coordination Water by volume X 1 5 is needed to replace ...

Fixed Gear Accidents
ul li 1 in 7 accidents result in a fatality in fixed gear aircraft BR li 8 of 10 fixed gear accidents...

As a Licensed Pilot
Cross country time requires a landing destination and use of a navigational method No distance is required except for more than 50 NM straight line when required for getting a...

Not Making Progress?
P I doubt that there is a pilot flying who has not at one time or another felt the twinge of doubt that his learning curve is not...

Teaching precepts
P li Docendo Discimus We learn by teaching When by yourself you are the instructor BR BR ...

Midair Accidents In 10 Years 1983-94
236 incidents BR ul li 132 accidents with 56 fatality rate BR li 3 air to air contacts per...

River Flying with Steep Turns
P On some subsequent lesson it is well to select an upwind track along a very S shaped course By flying upwind the relative ground speed...

1989 - 1993 US Accidents
#133;Accident__________Deaths_ BR 1 Highway Accidents 228 000 BR 2 Murders ...

Pilot Error 50 Years Ago
P In December of 1947 an Air Force study released the following analysis of pilot errors that precipitate accidents There is no reason to think things have...

Self-Doubt is Normal
P Every so often the instructor finds a student who is going through a phase of flying that is very disturbing to the student A student may...

The Last Thing You Learn
P If you make a good landing the yoke should be positioned for taxiing When you turn off the runway the correct positioning of the yoke will...

Shoulder Harness
1 As of 1975 4 out of every 5 people ever killed in airplanes since the Wright brothers would have been alive if they had been ...

Pilot in Command Time
There are five different ways to get logable pilot in command PIC time according to FAR 61 51 c 2 BR BR ...

Area Familiarization
P I have instructed at a largely general aviation airport CCR with two sets of dual runways This has been fortunate because the potential complexity...

Fear of Flying
An Opinion on Fear B BR I have concerns with fear as it relates to flying I realize fear of...

Engine Logs
P B Overhaul B P P Does not change prior history Time is added as quot;since overhaul quot;...

Spins Were A One Time Thing In 1914
An unheralded aviation pioneer is British scientist F A Lindemann quot;The Prof quot; as he was known led a very ...

Smoking
P The smoking of tobacco is a form of self imposed physical and psychological stress that constitutes an immediate and on going threat to health and safety ...

Short Field Takeoff
P The procedure requires performance that results in the shortest ground roll and the steepest angle of climb Two beginning options are available with little advantage going...

Fatigue and Flying
P Acute fatigue occurs when a long period passes with a lack of sleep Chronic fatigue occurs when several acute fatigue periods occur without adequate recovery time...

Warning Areas
P Same as Restricted area but over international waters beyond 3 mile P P limit of our borders Contains hazards related...

Spins - A History
An unheralded aviation pioneer is British scientist F A Lindemann The Prof as he was known led a very checkered...

Advice to instructors
P Go down to lost and found and get your memory every time you have a senior moment P P As a...

Taxiing
P Because of side by side seating the student pilot must be helped to find where to look for putting the nose wheel on the taxiway center line...

Soft Field
In ground effect to Vy remove flaps at 200 BR Climb at Vy 10 and 5 knots ...

Power-on Stalls
No lower that 1500 #39; BR Takeoff configuration BR Induce stall with heading maintained U U 10 degrees when inducing stall with...

When A Pilot Dies
Two of my pilots have died in airplane crashes One I had advised to quit and I thought that he had Three years later ...

Why Ground Reference?
P One of the weakest parts of flight instruction is the failure of the instructor to let the student know the #39;why #39; of some of the...

Recall Statistics
li 10 of what you read BR li 20 of what you hear BR li ...

Buying the Farm
In the `20s #39; barnstormers would travel the countryside to small cities and set up an quot;airplane ride quot; concession from some farmer #39;s field The pilot...

Certificates and Documents
I FONT SIZE quot; 1 quot; REFERENCES; FARs 43 61 and 91; AC 61 21 AC61 23; Pilot #39;s handbook and Flight Manual...

Where Accidents Happen
ul li Only 8 of midairs are from head on 42 are between airplanes flying in the same direction ...

Short Field Takeoffs
Rotate at Vx or as recommended BR Climb at Vx 10 or 5 knots to 50 BR Above 50 climb at Vy 10...

Normal and Crosswind
Vy 10 5 knots ...

The Johnson Bar
One unlikely aircraft feature was derived from the steam engine The Johnson bar was used to control the amount of steam and hence the...

Pitot Tube Inventor
The pitot tube was invented by Francais Pitot a French physicist and dentist born in 1695 His tube was first used to measure ...

The Practical Test
Determines if applicant has had required instruction BR Determines if applicant can safely perform required tasks BR BR The practical test is a two...

Spiral Descents
P This particular maneuver is the most difficult of the ground reference maneuvers It requires that the student descend over a selected point such as the...

Smoothness
Piloting skill is usually poorly defined unless the smoothness factor is included It is only by the smallest increments of control pressures that a skilled...

A Need to communicate
P What is the only question an instructor can never answer It is the unasked question Many concerns are unspoken The unspoken fear of every...

Unusual Attitudes
P During the proficiency phase of hood work #39;unusual attitudes #39; should be practiced This means that you will put on the hood close his...

Why Takeoff Pitch Changes
P The initial lift off attitude at Vso is slightly higher than that required for Vy best rate of climb but is about right for Vx...

Smoking
1 A smoker of 1 and 1 2 packs a day will ingest into his lungs a radiation level of 8000 millirem just from cigarettes ...

 Related Links
 
©2010 4VFR.COM, All Rights Reserved Powered by 4vfr.com