private pilot ground school Articles | Index    

Utilizing Hood Training
2010-03-18

Utilizing Hood Training

The FAA integrated mix of VFR and IFR instruction is a violation of the very instructional precepts considered basic to flight instruction. The purpose of the IFR instruction to a VFR student was an emergency process. As such, it focused on the attitude indicator and the making of a 180- degree turn out of IFR conditions. The basis of this instruction was upon the inability of a VFR pilot to maintain control in IFR conditions for much over a minute.

The basic 1959 survival turn was performed by reference to the needle with any descent initiated by a slight reduction in power as by applying carburetor heat. The yoke was released and a quarter-needle turn initiated and stopped by rudder alone. Over the years this was changed into a coordinated attitude indicator shallow bank along with turn coordinator rate turn for one minute. Any time devoted to this detracted from the use of VFR references outside the cockpit.

I, along with others, have minimized hood time until giving a concentrated emphasis just prior to the practical test. In my VFR instruction emphasize a light smooth control touch, selected power settings, and attitudes referenced with the nose and horizon set by trim. The transition from such VFR flying to IFR instrument control is a seamless smooth one.

My students learn, early on, to index the throttle position by sound and confirm only with the tachometer. Sound is also indexed for selected speeds and configurations. The student proceeds from a known condition in VFR to an instrument condition directly related and confirmed by the instruments. In years past my students have usually commented on how seamless the VFR to IFR training has been.

There is no way that future flight instruction can permanently reconstruct the problems created by poor initial instruction. The importance of proper initial instruction has been proven many times. Poor coordination, trim techniques, attention to headings and altitudes will never be what they should be if not taught from the beginning.

Comment

 
 External Links
 Recent articles
Who's In Charge?
P Low time instructors have most of the #39;Who #39;s in Charge #39; kind of difficulty This is because they have not had the opportunity ...

Fatigue and Flying
P Acute fatigue occurs when a long period passes with a lack of sleep Chronic fatigue occurs when several acute fatigue periods occur without adequate recovery time...

The PTS
Everything about the Practical Test is a given If you have studied the PTS you know what is going to happen You may not know when or just how...

One CFI + One CFI = Problems
One several occasions I have flown with both experienced and inexperienced CFI for a number of reasons In practically every instance peculiar things have...

Unusual Attitudes
P During the proficiency phase of hood work #39;unusual attitudes #39; should be practiced This means that you will put on the hood close his...

Aircraft Logbooks
Maintenance records of aircraft and engine must be available to the examiner FAR 91 3 The pilot must be able to explain and interpret all of the maintenance records ...

Trim Exercises (Instructor Notes)
P To teach the effectiveness of trim try the following exercise The instructor should demonstrate how to hold the nose in one fixed position while the student...

Equipment and Survival Gear
ELT battery life FAR requirements operation ...

Your CFI As A Hazard
li 75 of flight training accidents related to improper gear operation occurs with CFI aboard BR li 50...

Reaction and Anticipation
In searching for an appropriate place for this material I was surprised at how often the terms appeared the variety of context and...

Wildflife Areas
P Throughout the U S the states and federal government have placed altitude restrictions on flight over many different classification of game areas Federal limits are...

Pilotage and Dead Reckoning
Course within 3 nautical miles BR Altitude U U 200 BR Arrival within 5 minutes BR Heading within 15 degrees...

Short, Soft, and Rough Takeoff
P Use the recommended flap setting either prior to takeoff or after reaching 30 40 knots The idea is to get clear of the ground as soon...

Tie Down
P Given a choice of where to tie down always face into the wind A crosswind tie down means that the aircraft will be trying to ...

As a Licensed Pilot
Cross country time requires a landing destination and use of a navigational method No distance is required except for more than 50 NM straight line when required for getting a...

Side Notes
1 The Law of Firsts Haviland #39;s quot;The first time you do you shouldn #39;t have The first time you don #39;t...

Pre-takeoff Considerations
P B 1 Gross Weight and Center of Gravity B BR Gross weight is the empty weight plus useful load You must check...

Category
Normal Category is a certification category This category has a maximum G loading of 3 8 G #39;s positive G #39;s 1 52...

A Training Program
P I make a practice of having prospective students come to my home office for a couple of hours to discuss flying I request that...

Private Pilot Sharing of Expenses
Only direct operating costs of rental and fuel ...

Post Landing Checklist
When flaps C H mixture radio ...

Cold Weather
P Hot or cold temperatures affect the quality of the preflight In the winter as your body cools you tend to mentally and physically slow down...

The Student As A Student
P How much does it cost Depends on motivation of student BR How long does it take 62 hours is average My students may...

IFR Flying Faults
P Initially VFR to IFR flight results in over controlling especially when making corrections Non instrument rated pilots who fly into instrument weather lose control in...

Where To Go; What To Do
P You can find whom to interview by talking to people around the airport Pretty soon certain names will keep coming up Those are the people...

Training Attitudes
A casual approach to flying can be hazardous Flying requires considerable planning and rethinking of the options as the flight progresses The midset...

Teaching To A Higher Level
P Because of the concentrated information that is being loaded on the student in the beginning I use a tape recorder so that the material is available...

Midair Accidents In 10 Years 1983-94
236 incidents BR ul li 132 accidents with 56 fatality rate BR li 3 air to air contacts per...

Measures
As pilots we are generally unaware and or uneducated as to the debt that aviation owes to those scientists and mathematicians who preceded the Wright brothers...

Pre-start/Start Checklist
P Once in the aircraft we begin the pre start tape recording Seats doors window open belts FAR 91 107 requires the pilot ...

Advice to instructors
P Go down to lost and found and get your memory every time you have a senior moment P P As a...

Pilot/Owner Maintenance
P Keeping an aircraft clean greatly improves both its appearance and its performance When you clean an aircraft you learn a great deal about its construction and...

FAR 61.43 Flight Tests
a Perform pilot operations BR 1 Executing maneuvers within performance capability and limitations including use of the aircraft #39;s systems BR ...

Procedures and Techniques
Every phase of flying requires a series of procedures from pre flight to shut down With every procedure for what needs to be done...

Written Tests
Private Pilot Written Test figures: P P 1997: Total tests taken 32 981 92 1 passed the test average ...

Smoking
P The smoking of tobacco is a form of self imposed physical and psychological stress that constitutes an immediate and on going threat to health and safety ...

Aviator's Lies
ul li The weather will be all right BR li We will be on time maybe even early BR ...

A History of Running Lights
I have developed a possible sequence for the development of red and green running lights on ships and aircraft I would like to make the following case ...

Who is in charge?
B Low time instructors have most of the #39;Who #39;s in Charge #39; kind of difficulty This is because they have not...

Different Miles and How They Came to Be
Under the Roman Empire Rome became the center of the western world All roads led to Rome and all distances were measured from...

It's About Time
A sailing ship #39;s speed over a nautical a mile was historically measured by means of a knotted knots rope tied to a log...

Why Ground Reference?
P One of the weakest parts of flight instruction is the failure of the instructor to let the student know the #39;why #39; of some of the...

Minimum Controllable
No maneuvers below 1500 BR Stall horn whimpering at all times BR Power added as required to hold altitude in 10 degree maximum banks BR ...

Fatalities and Survival
ul li 90 of people involved in ditching accidents survive BR li Only 1 out of every 6 airplane accidents results in...

Power-on Stalls
No lower that 1500 #39; BR Takeoff configuration BR Induce stall with heading maintained U U 10 degrees when inducing stall with...

Advice From Over 30 Years Ago
B The performance of any complex activity such as flying an airplane requires the learning of highly conditioned responses ...

Changing You
P You begin flying with an attitude that may or may not be compatible to the reality required Attitude is a basic human factor that sets performance...

FAR Violations In Decending Order
ol li Careless or reckless operation BR li Compliance with ATC clearances and instructions BR li Failure to meet requirement...

Lost Procedures
Maintains original heading BR Identifies available landmarks BR Uses Navaids and contacts ATC for assistance BR Considers precautionary landing as an option ...

River Flying with Steep Turns
P On some subsequent lesson it is well to select an upwind track along a very S shaped course By flying upwind the relative ground speed...

 Related Links
 
©2010 4VFR.COM, All Rights Reserved Powered by 4vfr.com