private pilot ground school Articles | Index    

Would You Believe That You Can...

Would You Believe That You Can...
  • Be a non-instrument rated pilot and fly in VFR condition of top of overcast at night in a VFR only aircraft
  • Fly with VFR minimums only one mile
  • Fly into a thunderstorm
  • Fly into icing since there is no FAR limitation for flight into icing conditions
  • Avoid all thunderstorms by remaining very VFR
  • Depart a runway as short as minimum distance in POH
  • Join the night frequency of accidents club just by flying into the ground
  • Survive in a twin by flying it just as you would a single.
  • Fly safer by training for safety in a specific aircraft.
  • Match experience by getting realistic training
  • Increase the value of experience by getting a lot quickly.
  • Increase the risk of flight as weather conditions deteriorate.
  • Avoid midair collisions by avoiding airports and VORs while flying above 5000' AGL.
  • Survive most all engine failures by making a controlled landing type crash.
  • Increase your chances of an accident by flying out of the c.g. than over-weight.
  • Control your flying fate.

    How Flying Plays with Your Mind

  • Flying has induced high level of personal anxiety, confusion, and inability to process information.
  • Under stress even the intelligent have trouble performing two tasks at the same time.
  • Usually when two tasks are presented together the tendency is to perform one while sacrificing the other.
  • The task having the greatest threat focuses the attention but over time the stress fades to a moderate level.
  • Pilots can focus attention on low and moderate threats but the focus on high threats fade quickly.
  • High stress attention levels cannot be maintained for long since attention turns to peripheral cues.
  • A threat that creates anxiety, learned helplessness and inability to perform must be trained and retrained.
    so that rational decision-making and effective information processing makes coping possible.
  • Such an anxiety threat cannot be allowed to become chronic because hyper-vigilance becomes focused.
  • Typical aviation stress areas subject to focused hyper-vigilance are turbulence, landings, stalls, and radio
  • It takes an instructor with high perceived expertise, trustworthiness and authority to reduce the stress.
  • As an instructor I will work on only one stress factor at a time. Once resolved to an acceptable level, I use it as the kite to which I can tie others as a tail. Does this work? Not always and not every time.
  • The student who becomes chronically anxious, unable to see progress and frustrated by uncontrollable events needs to be returned to work on basic skills. Complex performance rests on a bed of basics.
  • It is the weak basics functioning on an illusion of mastery that existed in the past that needs refreshing.
  • The instructor must assuage student guilt feeling and insecurity by building a constructive problem-solving recovery program.
  • Beating a student with a sense of failure with repeated failed lessons will impair the student's innate ability and motivation.
  • The student is under a terrorist like attack by the unknown evils residing just outside his knowledge and performance base that poise credible threats that will cause him to:
  • feel helpless and become unwilling to effect solutions
  • adopt a sense of hopelessness toward any positive change
  • disrupt his previous study and flying schedules
  • have feelings of suspicion, anxiety and fear about events only in his mind.
  • What the student should do is to build a support system via other pilot acquaintances, internet news groups and family.
  • Second, the student should work with his instructor to design an action plan of things to do that will emphasize any positive aspects and self-efficacy. You do not dig your way out of a hole.

    Taking Chances

  • We have no means to measure the willingness of an individual to take risks.
  • We have no means to measure the amount of luck an individual will have in a given situation.
  • It is recurrent training that will expose a pilot to the latest additions and retractions in the flying process.

    Driving vs Flying
    If they taught people to drive like they do to fly you would have to:
  • Know how to deal with (or avoid) every kind of weather.
  • Know every system in your car, and how it works.
  • Be able to read a map, and memorize every symbol on it to make sure you never get lost.
  • Accurately estimate fuel usage (to the minute), understand the optimum power settings for duration
    and range, be able to predict varying performance based on weather and temperature variables.
  • Memorize the motor vehicle laws.
  • Check your tires and brakes prior to driving.
  • Practice a tire blowout at 70 mph.
  • Get special training to drive in bad weather.
  • Get a checkout in any new vehicle you wanted to drive and if it was a high performance vehicle get
    even more training and a signoff from an instructor saying you are ok to drive that type of car.
  • Take a driving test every 2 years to make sure you are still a safe driver.
  • Must have less than a .04 blood alcohol level and not be within 8 hrs of your last drink.
  • Pass a medical exam every 2yrs if you are over 40 and every 3 years if you are younger.
  • Simulate a crash from a bridge into a lake, and memorize the procedures that would afford the best
    chance of survival and escape.
  • And then...they'd let you go around the block for a couple months, and if that worked out ok, you'd be
    able to go to the next town with the instructor's written permission.
  • After a time, you'd take a written examination to demonstrate your knowledge of the above, and if that
    worked out ok, you'd get to spend hours with an examiner to deem you safe to carry passengers.
  • After all that, you'd be sharing the road with others who've gone through the same training as you did.
  • Despite all this, once in a while an accident would still occur.

 External Links
 Recent articles
Pilot/Owner Maintenance
P Keeping an aircraft clean greatly improves both its appearance and its performance When you clean an aircraft you learn a great deal about its construction and...

Introduction to The Radio
P I introduce the ATIS frequency 124 7 the alphabetical sequencing order of information during the day and how to use this information ...

P Because of side by side seating the student pilot must be helped to find where to look for putting the nose wheel on the taxiway center line...

The Aircraft
Make model serial number and quot;N quot; number can identify an aircraft You should know the year the aircraft was built ...

P Eights combine the skills acquired from doing left and right turns about a point and S turns First find a with one leg giving ...

Bits and Pieces
ul li Tolerance to lack of oxygen decreases proportionately with age BR li Patience is one...

P Use a run up checklist Always face the wind Engine cooling is the reason We are not teaching a flying career made only...

More on Mid-Airs
ul li Over half of the people involved in midair accidents were survivors BR li The probability of a...

Private Pilot Sharing of Expenses
Only direct operating costs of rental and fuel ...

Airline Pilots
The second most frequent cause of death among airline pilots prior to age 60 is a general aviation accident P ...

Applicant Summary
You must have an application for a rating form FAA Form 8710 1 a waiver form as required a medical certificate and radio license for foreign...

Homebuilt Statistics
2 of planes are homebuilt #133;they have 10 of the accidents and are twice as likely to be totally destroyed P ...

Ground Procedures - Taxiing Renewal
P By the time we solo we should be using power and brakes with great restraint Minimum power required to move at a good pace and smooth...

River Flying with Steep Turns
P On some subsequent lesson it is well to select an upwind track along a very S shaped course By flying upwind the relative ground speed...

Who's In Charge?
P Low time instructors have most of the #39;Who #39;s in Charge #39; kind of difficulty This is because they have not had the opportunity ...

Trim Use
P Correct use of the trim requires that control pressures be applied to hold the desired flight attitude Then the trim is adjusted to relieve present control...

Commitment to Flying
ol li You must be able to give priority to the time and energy required for learning to fly If you can #39;t...

Buying the Farm
In the `20s #39; barnstormers would travel the countryside to small cities and set up an quot;airplane ride quot; concession from some farmer #39;s field The pilot...

Introduction To The Radio
I introduce the ATIS frequency 124 7 the alphabetical sequencing order of information during the day and how to use this information ...

Night Flight (Discussion)
Use of checklist BR Preflight BR Chart reading BR Hazards and precautions BR Lighting systems of plane and airport BR...

Forced Landings
li If altitude permits glide range may be increased if propeller is stopped BR li Speed half way between best rate...

Standard Rate Turns
P All banks under the hood are at standard rate Standard rate turns requires two minutes to make a 360 degree circle One minute for a...

Spiral Descents
P This particular maneuver is the most difficult of the ground reference maneuvers It requires that the student descend over a selected point such as the...

Performance Sheet ASEL
Compute weight and balance with gross takeoff weight___________ Center of gravity location ________ BR Gross landing weight __________ Center of gravity location _________ BR Shift weight...

Important Side Notes
ol li The Law of Firsts Haviland #39;s quot;The first time you do you shouldn #39;t have...

Abnormal Situation Training
B We do not want a first spin to be of the accidental kind We do not want a first encounter with adverse weather...

Tie Down
P Given a choice of where to tie down always face into the wind A crosswind tie down means that the aircraft will be trying to ...

What You Know, Gets In The Way of What You Don't Know
The learning law of #39;Primacy #39; is what makes developing proper habits first build the foundation for what you will do when under stress...

Night Accidents
1 Night emergency landings are 1 5 times as likely to result in a fatality BR 2 7 of flying is...

Nice To Know Information
ul li Multiply horsepower by 09 to give gallons per hour consumption with safety factor BR li Most aircraft...

Why Accidents Happen
ul li 75 of accidents involve poor pilot judgment with reference to his ability knowledge or capability BR...

Teaching Memory
P The way an instructor presents material has a great influence on student retention of what is being taught Trauma is proven to be the absolute best...

Mad As Hell And Taking It
P In flying we react in an emergency as we first learned to react When we show anger we react as we first learned to react Just...

Systems Malfunction
Use of checklist BR Power loss BR Rough or hot engine BR Carburetor or induction icing BR No oil pressure BR ...

IFR Rated Pilot
ul li 1 accident in 4 459 hours in IFR conditions BR li 1 accident in 61 900 hours in...

Teaching Ground Reference
P More often than not ground reference is taught as though it were the end itself and not a tool for use We are not trying to...

Flying With Your Senses
One of the reasons I teach flying with a very limited selection of power settings airspeed configurations and attitudes is because I...

FAR 61.43 Flight Tests
a Perform pilot operations BR 1 Executing maneuvers within performance capability and limitations including use of the aircraft #39;s systems BR ...

Practice Illusions
P B Autokinesis B BR On a dark night fly toward a single light Student is to stare only at the light...

Alignment BR Rotation and liftoff BR Drift correction BR Airborne alignment check BR Clearing turns ...

My Solos Take Longer
The first five students I taught had #39;things #39; happen during their first or second solo I changed my program so that a student ...

Aircraft Preflight
P FAR 91 103 refers to weather airport data and POH information on aircraft performance FAR 91 7 b refers to inspection of aircraft condition...

Pilot/Owner Maintenance
P Keeping an aircraft clean greatly improves both its appearance and its performance When you clean an aircraft you learn a great deal about its construction and...

Emergency Landing
Best glide U U 10 knots ...

Service Difficulty Reports (SDRs)
P B SDRs B are a mechanics #146; report on maintenance problems These are collected by the FAA and aircraft manufacturer and passed on...

1996 Statistics
46000 accidents 25 involved drugs or alcohol 20 were caused by mechanical problems 27 had terrain as a factor 2 had weight ...

Normal and Crosswind
Vy 10 5 knots ...

Short Field Takeoffs
Rotate at Vx or as recommended BR Climb at Vx 10 or 5 knots to 50 BR Above 50 climb at Vy 10...

Flap setting BR Trim setting BR Mixture leaning BR Radios BR ATIS BR Engine Instruments ...

Practical Test Standards
NOTE: All of the PTS material is greatly expanded in the instructional learning material BR New Specifics: FONT BR VFR minimums in...

 Related Links
©2010 4VFR.COM, All Rights Reserved Powered by