private pilot ground school Articles | Index    

1998 Nall Report
2010-03-18

1998 Nall Report
  • VFR flight into IFR conditions is the leading source of fatalities. Judgment failures are the cause.
  • Event-decision; event-decision sequence leads to accidents. Solution: Break chain.
  • Scud running is dangerous because of past successes. 80% of scud accidents have fatalities.
  • Most accidents occur in four summer months.
  • Accident potential is determined by perceived importance, length, time and weather.
  • Personal flying is over 40% of flying with nearly 70% of accidents.
  • Instruction is 20% of flying with 6% of accidents. Make every flight instructional for safety's sake.
  • Takeoff and climb are most dangerous during instruction. Go-arounds were #2 area.
  • Takeoff and landing times have highest accident rate but few fatalities.
  • Midairs occur during VFR, near an airport and at low altitudes.
  • Two planes a week were crashing because fuel was not getting to the engine.
  • No one was killed off-airport by an airplane.
  • Nearly half of IFR approach accidents occur at night
  • The hourly rate of IFR accidents is lower than the VFR rate but the fatality rate is three times higher.

    Comment

  •  
     External Links
     Recent articles
    Student Evaluation
    P Evaluation is a teaching constant It begins when the lesson begins Continues throughout the lesson and for me can continue for years Just today...

    Retractables
    1 One gear up landing occurs on average every day in the U S 5 of retractable accidents are gear up landings BR ...

    Coffee
    P Half of the American population is addicted to coffee 25 drink ten or more cups a day Quitting coffee is both difficult and painful...

    Fixed Gear Accidents
    ul li 1 in 7 accidents result in a fatality in fixed gear aircraft BR li 8 of 10 fixed gear accidents...

    The Cockpit
    P Using the tape recorder I go over all the instruments and controls I pay particular attention to the markings and divisions on the dials their...

    Airline Pilots
    The second most frequent cause of death among airline pilots prior to age 60 is a general aviation accident P ...

    Opinion
    Where am I Where am I diverting to what direction is it Turn the airplane that direction How far away is it do I have enough...

    Minimum Controllable
    No maneuvers below 1500 BR Stall horn whimpering at all times BR Power added as required to hold altitude in 10 degree maximum banks BR ...

    Normal and Crosswind
    Vy 10 5 knots ...

    Who is in charge?
    B Low time instructors have most of the #39;Who #39;s in Charge #39; kind of difficulty This is because they have not...

    Soft Field
    In ground effect to Vy remove flaps at 200 BR Climb at Vy 10 and 5 knots ...

    Takeoffs
    Alignment BR Rotation and liftoff BR Drift correction BR Airborne alignment check BR Clearing turns ...

    Thinking Through Patterns
    P Depending on the student or airport weather conditions I will use paper diagrams and walk through the patterns on the ramp I will illustrate turns about...

    In Possession for Checkride
    Logbook BR Medical Student certificate BR Sectional Must be current BR Aircraft engine logbook Get from maintenance BR Aircraft...

    1989 - 1993 US Accidents
    #133;Accident__________Deaths_ BR 1 Highway Accidents 228 000 BR 2 Murders ...

    Yoke Control
    P The third skill of taxiing is the use of the yoke which needs to be positioned so that a wind gust will not flip the airplane over...

    Hundred Octane Aviation Fuel
    Interestingly of all machines only airplanes have their own fuel BR BR In the late 1930s light weight and compact engines were being developed...

    How We Got Pattern A and Pattern B
    These patterns have been for many years a part of the Instrument Flying Handbook as among the first lessons in acquiring the aircraft control required for instrument flying ...

    Airworthiness Directive
    P B AD Compliance Record B P P Aircraft No: Make: Serial Number P ...

    Before Takeoff Check
    Emergency procedures review BR Door belts smoke engine BR POH distances and performance BR Departure plan review BR Clearing BR...

    Medicine
    P Any over the counter medication whose name ends in quot;ine quot; should be checked in a flight medical examiner for use before flying Beware of...

    Teaching Memory
    The way an instructor presents material has a great influence on student retention of what is being taught Trauma is proven to be the...

    Trim Tab Inventor
    Also known at the servo trim was invented by Anton Flettner a German aeronautical engineer He worked for the Zeppelin Company in Germany...

    Tight Grip VS Light Touch
    P The left hand has only two useable digits while flying The forefinger is behind the yoke for back pressure and the thumb is for forward pressure...

    What to expect on your first solo
    P Solo preparation began on the first flight Now the FARs require specific paper work study and testing Student skill and knowledge for...

    Wire Strikes
    li 1 accident in 20 is a wire strike BR li A wire strike will occur below 200 #39; AGL in VFR BR...

    Notes On Learning
    Learning to fly was still the greatest adventure of life The inner process of learning to do so many different tasks in a context...

    Practical Test Standards
    NOTE: All of the PTS material is greatly expanded in the instructional learning material BR New Specifics: FONT BR VFR minimums in...

    Practice Illusions
    P B Autokinesis B BR On a dark night fly toward a single light Student is to stare only at the light...

    1998 Nall ReportFatalities and Survival
    ul li 90 of people involved in ditching accidents survive BR li Only 1 out of every 6 airplane accidents results in...

    Failed Teaching
    The most dangerous aspect of flying and flight instruction is that the FAA Part 91 system lets incompetents fly and get sweetheart proficiency checks just...

    Short Field Takeoffs
    Rotate at Vx or as recommended BR Climb at Vx 10 or 5 knots to 50 BR Above 50 climb at Vy 10...

    Time For First Solo
    This method to safely soloing a student puts the burden on the student It is not the way I do it but it is worth considering ...

    Night Accidents
    1 Night emergency landings are 1 5 times as likely to result in a fatality BR 2 7 of flying is...

    Getting the ATIS
    P One of my readers asked that I expand of the following statement: quot;The student will benefit from getting the ATIS with the engine running at all...

    Thoughts on Thoughts
    ul li Flying is not dangerous; crashing is dangerous BR li Flying is the perfect vocation for a man who wants to...

    Statistics on Fuel/electric related accidents
    ol P li Experience level of the pilot does not seem to matter in fuel related accidents BR li 86...

    Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR)
    P Broadcast by ATC to warn air traffic to remain clear of areas such as open air affairs forest fires space launches crime scenes ...

    Diversion to Alternate
    Accurate immediate turn to estimated heading finds ground speed ETA fuel conditions flies U U 200 feet U ...

    Communication, ATC & Radar
    Acknowledgment and compliance BR Uses appropriate ATC procedures BR Emergency and NORDO procedure BR Practice and performance BR Maintains U ...

    Statistics As of October 2001
    ul li If you are rushed for time you are eleven times more likely to make a mistake than if you have ample...

    Tie Down
    P Given a choice of where to tie down always face into the wind A crosswind tie down means that the aircraft will be trying to ...

    Area Familiarization
    P I have instructed at a largely general aviation airport CCR with two sets of dual runways This has been fortunate because the potential complexity...

    Courtesy
    P Airport courtesy extends beyond the rules of right of way Don #39;t use strobe lights on the ground Give preference to aircraft which operate on...

    Calming Flying Anxiety
    P Anxiety is generalized fear Your body prepares you to run fight or act to protect yourself Your heart and blood pressure rise blood...

    Radio Communications at an Uncontrolled Airport
    Start listening well away from the airport Overfly above pattern altitude if you are uncertain of pattern or procedures Adhere to AIM recommended procedures Doing otherwise...

    FAR 91 aircraft equipment required Day
    VFR minimum equipment: airspeed altimeter compass tachometer fuel gauge oil temperature oil pressure gear indicator and manifold...

    Operation of Airplane Systems
    P I FONT SIZE quot; 1 quot; REFERENCES: C 61 21 AC61 23 FONT Airplane Handbook and Flight Manual I ...

    Judgement of Limitations
    B The ability of a student to plan a safe flight or flying activity is determined by his judgment of his limitations It ...

     Related Links
     
    ©2010 4VFR.COM, All Rights Reserved Powered by 4vfr.com