private pilot ground school Articles | Index    

Forced Landings
2010-03-18

Forced Landings
  • If altitude permits, glide range may be increased if propeller is stopped.
  • Speed half way between best rate and best angle of climb is duration glide speed.
  • A fair field with maneuvering altitude is better than a good field which requires a stretched glide.
  • Hit the softest, cheapest thing you can, as slowly as possible.
  • There will be one forced landing for every 200,000 flying hours. Hope to fly that long.
  • An airplane at 3000' has over 75 square miles of emergency landing area available. At 5000' there are 270 square miles available to have an accident. Cars should be so lucky.
  • 40% of pattern flying is such that the runway could not be made in the event of engine failure.
  • Less than 5% of fixed gear single forced landings result in serious injuries to occupants.
  • C-150/152s are over twice as likely to be involved in a forced landing compared to C-172. (Mostly due to air ...contamination of fuel tanks.)
  • 14% of daytime forced landings are serious
  • 20% of night forced landings were serious
  • 25% of instrument condition forced landings were serious.
  • Road forced landings are statistically safer.
  • A crash at 85 knots will be twice as severe as one at 60 knots.
  • The goal of a forced landing is to arrive slowly but under control. Faster is preferable to loss of control.
  • Ground contact at minimum controllable will have an impact less than a car-to-car collision.
  • Returning to the airport on takeoff is a proven killer during engine failure emergencies. If you haven't taken remedial instruction, don't do it.
  • In the event of engine failure, excess airspeed is lost before altitude. Use it to gain altitude.
  • At engine failure, removing flaps will extend your glide.Flight Reviews do not seem to detect flying deficiencies.

    Comment

  •  
     External Links
     Recent articles
    Why Ground Reference?
    P One of the weakest parts of flight instruction is the failure of the instructor to let the student know the #39;why #39; of some of the...

    Diversion to Alternate
    Accurate immediate turn to estimated heading finds ground speed ETA fuel conditions flies U U 200 feet U ...

    Radio Communications at an Uncontrolled Airport
    Start listening well away from the airport Overfly above pattern altitude if you are uncertain of pattern or procedures Adhere to AIM recommended procedures Doing otherwise...

    Advice to instructors
    P Go down to lost and found and get your memory every time you have a senior moment P P As a...

    Where To Go; What To Do
    P You can find whom to interview by talking to people around the airport Pretty soon certain names will keep coming up Those are the people...

    Holding Patterns IFR
    The shape of the holding pattern was based upon a requirement that older gyro instruments be allowed to settle down in a turn The...

    Instruction use of MS Flight Simulator
    I can MS Simulator be a helpful for my flight training i p At the end of WWII I was...

    On Flight Instructors
    Almost anyone can learn to fly an airplane if exposed to the environment long enough and teaching someone properly is extremely hard work ...

    My Solos Take Longer
    The first five students I taught had #39;things #39; happen during their first or second solo I changed my program so that a student ...

    Mountain Accidents
    li 40 more than in flatlands BR li 155 higher at some airports ...

    Knowing Know
    He who knows not and knows not that he knows not is a fool shun him BR He who...

    About Accidents
    Use of shoulder harnesses in all seats will reduce major injuries by 88 and fatalities by 20 Retro fit harness kits are...

    Operation of Airplane Systems
    P I FONT SIZE quot; 1 quot; REFERENCES: C 61 21 AC61 23 FONT Airplane Handbook and Flight Manual I ...

    Smoking
    P The smoking of tobacco is a form of self imposed physical and psychological stress that constitutes an immediate and on going threat to health and safety ...

    Post-Landing
    P Once on the ground Do not relax Hold the yoke back and properly positioned for taxi For any turns off the runway the yoke should...

    Reaction and Anticipation
    P In searching for an appropriate place for this material I was surprised at how often the terms appeared the variety of context and application to...

    Illusions - IFR for VFR pilots
    P The purpose of IFR training is to be able to read interpret the instruments and fly accordingly The introduction of the VFR student to the...

    Different Miles and How They Came to Be
    Under the Roman Empire Rome became the center of the western world All roads led to Rome and all distances were measured from...

    Mad As Hell And Taking It
    P In flying we react in an emergency as we first learned to react When we show anger we react as we first learned to react Just...

    Abnormal Situation Training
    B We do not want a first spin to be of the accidental kind We do not want a first encounter with adverse weather...

    Post Landing Checklist
    When flaps C H mixture radio ...

    Descending Mechanical Failure Frequency
    1 Clogged fuel system BR 2 Throttle mixture control BR 3 Oil line BR 4 Clogged...

    Who is in charge?
    B Low time instructors have most of the #39;Who #39;s in Charge #39; kind of difficulty This is because they have not...

    Learning From Your Mistakes
    P A mistake is painful because we have been conditioned to experience humiliation and shame We expect ourselves to be able to perform When we don...

    Coffee
    Coffee causes dehydration 15 dehydration causes 40 decrease in flying coordination Water by volume X 1 5 is needed to replace ...

    Areas of Required Knowledge
    Required logbook endorsements with date and time BR BR Preflight BR Flight Procedures BR Aircraft Performance BR Radio...

    1999 Nall Report
    li B Landings are the source of most accidents but few injuries BR li For every mile traveled airplanes...

    IFR Flying Faults
    P Initially VFR to IFR flight results in over controlling especially when making corrections Non instrument rated pilots who fly into instrument weather lose control in...

    Pre-takeoff Considerations
    P B 1 Gross Weight and Center of Gravity B BR Gross weight is the empty weight plus useful load You must check...

    Effective Criticism Requirements
    1 Student instructor awareness of what is being done wrong P P 2 Instructor analysis of why P ...

    The Student As A Problem
    Of great concern to the responsible instructor is the prospective pilot who is heavily occupied with concerns unrelated to flying Many students who are...

    VOR tracking
    Tunes and idents station BR Holds altitude within 200 BR Locates position using radials BR Intercepts and tracks a radial BR Recognizes signal...

    Pre-takeoff
    Uses checklist BR Takeoff configuration BR Radio use and acknowledgments and compliance BR Clearing approach ...

    Practical Test Standards
    NOTE: All of the PTS material is greatly expanded in the instructional learning material BR New Specifics: FONT BR VFR minimums in...

    Crash Survival
    #1 survival item is to let a responsible person know where you are going your route and ETA Insurance is to make contact after arrival ...

    Keeping Anger in its Place
    P What turns a student the wrong direction can be the sudden onset of a series of failures The myriad of emotional reactions; anxiety panic ...

    Utilizing Hood Training
    P The FAA integrated mix of VFR and IFR instruction is a violation of the very instructional precepts considered basic to flight instruction The purpose of the...

    Calming Flying Anxiety
    P Anxiety is generalized fear Your body prepares you to run fight or act to protect yourself Your heart and blood pressure rise blood...

    Carbon Monoxide
    P Is poisoning due to the exhaust fumes resulting from carbon burning with insufficient oxygen to produce complete oxidation The resulting gas has one atom of carbon...

    What's New
    With so much history in the past I would like to take you into the future: BR I am most proud of my...

    Yoke Control
    P The third skill of taxiing is the use of the yoke which needs to be positioned so that a wind gust will not flip the airplane over...

    FAR Violations In Decending Order
    ol li Careless or reckless operation BR li Compliance with ATC clearances and instructions BR li Failure to meet requirement...

    Start/Post Start
    P Make several dry run engine starts on the tape recorder to develop the checklist Emphasize used of the left hand all the time holding the mike...

    Passenger Boarding Information
    Welcome aboard this non commercial flight in the vicinity of San Francisco We will be departing shortly and with any luck at all will...

    Sequence of Decision for Airworthiness
    Is it required by FAR 91 2095 or 91 213 d 2 ii BR I If not I Is it required...

    S-Turns
    P The two downwind and two upwind turns of the S turn combine the four quadrants of the left and right turns about a point The technique...

    Introduction to Illusions
    P What ever the illusion it will take a few moments for you to get reoriented If the illusion occurs in trimmed flight the problem is...

    Fuel Accidents
    ul li The number one cause of engine failure is lack of fuel BR li 10 of General Aviation accidents are caused...

    Emergency Landing
    Best glide U U 10 knots ...

    Learning To Fly
    P There is no single way to get a pilot license Getting it is faster and cheaper if training is done consistently with the same aircraft and...

     Related Links
     
    ©2010 4VFR.COM, All Rights Reserved Powered by 4vfr.com